Inclusion Tools and Resources for Community Leaders


We are delighted to share this comprehensive list of resources to assist with the inclusion of people with disabilities in community sports and recreation. The resources are divided into sections listed below, so please scroll down if there is a section you are particularly interested in.

Before that (drum roll drum roll…) we are delighted to present our ‘Disability & Diversity: Education to Promote Active Living‘ project infographics. Please browse, download, read, distribute, display and enjoy!

Road Map to Inclusion
Why Inclusion Matters
Meeting a Person with a Disability
First Involvement in Sport & Recreation
The Anatomy of Best Practice
Adapting Activities
What Should I Say? – Words with Dignity
Actions Speak Louder than Words – Non-Verbal Communication
Invisible Disabilities
The Outcomes of Inclusive Sport

If you encounter a broken link, please let us know at Thank you!

This project was made possible due to the support of the Victoria Foundation. 


1. Disability Awareness & Inclusion Training Materials
2. Language
3. General/Disability Organizations
4. Benefits of Sport & Recreation for People with Disabilities
5. Challenging Stereotypes; Where do the Myths come From?
6. The Paralympic Games
7. Meeting People with Disabilities, Including First Involvement
8. Access
9. Definitions of Disability
10. Changing and Challenging Attitudes & Mindsets
11. Statistics for Canada
12. Inclusive Recreation
13. Sport for Life for People with Disabilities (Physical Literacy)
14. Disability Awareness & Inclusion
15. Federal Level Law
16. Healthy Lifestyles for People with Disabilities
17. Invisibile Disabilities
18. Coaching Athletes with a Disability – Long Term Athlete Development (LTAD)
19. Best Practices
20. Existing Opportunities for People with Disabilities in Sports & Recreation
21. Specific Disabilities
22. Reverse Integration
23. Comic Relief & Misc.

Topic 1. Disability Awareness & Inclusion Training Materials

The Active Living Alliance for Canadians with a Disability’s  ‘Moving to Inclusion’ Powerpoint Presentation

Sport for Life, Andrea Carey’s Awareness & First Involvement Checklists

The National Centre on Workforce and Disability ‘s Basic Etiquette: People with Mental Illness

The Canucks Autism Networks’ Physical Literacy Guide

The University of Victoria/CanAssists’s Creating Opportunities for All (Inclusion Presentation)

The University of Victoria/CanAssists’s Creating Opportunities for All (Inclusion Presentation) (Version 2)

The University of Victoria/CanAssists’s Creating Opportunities for All (Inclusion Presentation) (Version 3)

The Canadian Paralympic Committee’s Changing Minds, Changing Lives (Presentation)

The Canadian Paralympic Committee’s  FUNdamentals Resource

The Canadian Paralympic Committee’s Changing Minds, Changing Lives: HealthCare Professionals as Key Influences (Presentation)

The Coaching Association of Canada’s Coaching Athletes with a Disability

Confederation College’s Disability Awareness: ‘The Basics’ (Presentation)

Dash BC’s Guide to the Inclusion of School Children in After-School Programs

The Active Living Resource for Ontarians with a Disability’s How to Adapt Your Activity: Active Living Resource

Inclusion & Awareness Training & Tips from OneAbility Members

Inclusion in Campus Recreation Programs (Presentation)

The English Federation of Disability Sport’s Inclusive Communications Guide

Introduction to Recreation Services for People with Disabilities

The Canadian Sport for Life’s ‘No Accidental Champions’ – Long Term Athlete Development for People with Disabilities

The Rick Hansen Foundation:  ‘Abilities in Motion’ Toolkit

The Rick Hansen Foundation: Ten Top Tips for Inclusion in Schools

The Rick Hansen Foundation: Educational Resource Material

Faye Cawsey, Recreation Integration Victoria: Three Top Tips for Inclusion: Sincerity, Honest, No Stereotypes

Recreation Integration Victoria: Supporting Children and Youth with Disabilities (Presentation for Summer Camps)

Physical and Health Education Canada’s Fundamental Movement Skills Resources

Museum Education Institute’s Disability Awareness Training for Cultural Organizations

Disability Awareness Training: Etiquette Handouts

Access and Disability Alliance: Disability Etiquette Infographic

Power To Be’s Spring Training (Blog Post)

OneAbility’s Inclusive Physical Literacy Webinar

The Government of Ontario’s Accessibility Training (“How to Train Your Staff on Accessibility”)

OneAbility’s Inclusive Fitness Webinar

The Coaching Association of Canada’s Resources Library

Webinar: OneAbility

Webinar: Inclusive Physical Literacy

Webinar: Inclusive Fitness

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Topic 2. Language

The Active Living Alliance for Canadians with a Disability’s  ‘Words with Dignity’

Paraquad, ‘The Disability Experts’: Words with Dignity and Disability Etiquette

The Lead Centre’s Disability Awareness & Etiquette Guide

The BBC’s Stupid Questions Not to Ask a Person with a Disability

The Rick Hansen Foundation: Dos and Don’ts of Disability Sensitivity

The Canadian Association of Broadcasters’s Language use Guidelines for Broadcasters

The American Psychological Association’s Choosing Words for Talking about Disability

The English Oxford Dicitionary: The Language of Mental or Physical Disability (Article)

Syracuse University’s Disability Cultural Centre: Language Guide (bonus: many useful useful links)

‘On Being a Cripple’ by Nancy Mairs (Blog Post)

Things Not to Say to a Person Who Uses a Wheelchair (Video)

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Topic 3: General Disability Organizations

Visit Recreation Integration Victoria’s Key Links for a comprehensive list. 

Rick Hansen Foundation

The Mighty (Online Community)

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Three ‘must watch’ videos about disability (Rick Hansen Institute)

Canadian Paralympic Committee

Victoria Disability Resource Centre

The Abilities Centre (Ontario)

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Topic 4: The Benefits of Sport & Recreation for People with Disabilities

Stephanie Dixon: Canadian Sports Hall of Fame Acceptance Speech (Video)

The Aspen Institute: Sports for children with Developmental Disabilities

The Rick Hansen Foundation’s “The Upside of Accessible & Inclusive Communities” (Article)

London 2012 Paralympics: Sport Doesn’t Care Who You Are (Video)

BBC News: The Potential of People with Disabilities (Video)

Tracey Schmitt ‘I was able to do everything I have done because I was able to learn to swim’ (Video)

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Topic 5: Challenging Stereotypes; Where do the Myths come From?

The Mighty: Coffee Shop Run by People with Disabilities (Article)

Gatorade Canada: Sidney Crosby plays Sledge Hockey (Video)

Australian Open TV: Novak Djokovik plays Wheelchair Tennis (Video)

TedX Talks: Historical Investigation into the Perceptions of Disability (Video)

Disability History Month’s ‘Disabling Imagery’ – a Study of the Portrayal of People with Disabilities in Film

G.I.M.P. Boot Camp‘ (Video)

Ontario Education Services Corporation’s Customer Service for People with Disabilities & Myths & Realities

‘All Ways Welcome’ – a video by Barry Stone (Video)

BBC: ‘Wearing Make Up is a way of Making Society feel Secure’ (Video)

New York News: Breaking down Barriers through Disabilities (Video)

Teen Vogue: Living with a Disability as a Teenager (Article)

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Topic 6: The Paralympic Games

The Paralympics and Public Perceptions of Disability (Infographic)

Paralympic Sports (Infographic)

A Paralympian’s View of Disability by Chuck Aoki (Article)

Channel 4: Paralympics Adverts – the ‘Superhumans’ (Article, Video)

The Guardian: Comments on the ‘Superhuman’ Portrayal of Athletes with Disabilities (Article, Video)

Signed and Subtitled adverts – Commentary & Celebration (Article, Video)

‘Yes I Can!’ (after the Games…) (Video)

Return to Topics 

Topic 7: Meeting People with Disabilities, Including First Involvement

H.I.D.E When you Meet a Person with a Disability

BBC Three’s Things Not to Say to a Person in a Wheelchair (Video)

BBC Three’s Things Not to Say to a Person on the Autism Spectrum (Video)

BBC Three’s Things Not to Say to a Person with Cerebral Palsy (Video)

BBC Three’s Things Not to Say to a Person with a Visual Impairment (Video)

BBC Three’s Questions Not to Ask a Person with a Disability (Video)

Top 5 Mistakes dealing with Disabled People’ (Video)

Australian’s Sport Commission’s Communicating Effectively with People with Disabilities

Just Ask’s Best Practice for Interacting with People with Disabilities

Everett College’s Centre for Disability Services’s Meeting People with Disabilities

Frenzy William’s Welcoming Disabled Customer’s; Communication, Etiquette and Body Language

Accessible Ontario’s Customer Service: Language, Myths and Realities

Return to Topics 

Topic 8: Access

The Guardian: ‘How Am I Supposed to Get Up There?’ (Article)

Access Guide for Meetings

Historic Royal Palaces’s Accessibility at the Palaces

Art Beyond Sight’s Comprehensive Guide for Front Line Staff

Museums for Us’s Museums/Public Spaces and Intellectual Disabilities

Exploring museums for people with intellectual disabilities

The Metropolitan Museum of Art’s Visitors with Disabilities Guide

The New York Time’s ‘If You’re in a Wheelchair Segregation Lives’ (Article)

Return to Topics 

Topic 9: Definitions of Disability

World Health Organization’s Definition

Centre for Disease Control and Prevention’s Disability in the USA (Infographic)

World Health Organization’s World Report on Disability

Disabled World’s Definitions of disability

The Americans with Disabilities Act: What is Disability? 

The World Health Assembly’s International Classifications of Functioning, Disability and Health

Return to Topics 

Topic 1o: Changing and Challenging Attitudes or Mindsets

Rick Hansen Foundation’s Changing the Conversation About Disability

Rick Hansen Foundation’s Accessibility and Attitudes in Canada (Article)

National Disability Authority Literature Review on Attitudes Towards Disability

Angus Reid Institute’s Mindsets on Disability (Quiz)

Angus Reid Institute’s Disability in Canada – Mindset on Accessibility (Article)

The Guardian’s Body Image (Article)

‘How I overcame my blind spot’  (Blog Post)

TedX’s Disability History – Where do our Ideas about Disability Come From? (Video)

7 Pillars of Inclusion’s Attitudes Checklist

Rick Hansen Foundation’s Disability in Advertising 

Return to Topics 

Topic 11: Statistics for Canada

Statistics Canada Disability in Canada  (Fact Sheet)

The Government of Canada’s Federal Disability Report 2009

ParticipAction’s Figures on Participation Rates in Sports in Canada

Return to Topics 

Topic 12: Inclusive Recreation

New Brunswick’s Association for Community Living’s Becoming an Inclusive Recreation Provider

Therapeutic Recreation Directory’s Promoting Inclusion (Literature Review)

Inclusion Sport Design’s The Inclusion Spectrum: Planning Sport Activities for Everyone

The Inclusion Club’s Best Practice From Around the World (Audio-Visual Episodes)

The Inclusion Club’s Webinars (Webinar)

The Australian Human Rights Commission’s  Inclusion and Sport

The Inclusion Club’s  7 Pillars of Inclusion

Swimming Australia’s Inclusive Swimming Framework (Webinar series)

The Canucks Autism Network’s Tip Sheets and Resources 

Frequently Asked Questions on Inclusive Recreation:





Return to Topics 

Topic 13: Sport for Life for People with Disabilities (Physical Literacy)

Canadian Sport for Life’s Athletes with Disabilities

Inclusive Physical Literacy webinar

Physical and Health Education Canada’s Fundamental Movement Skills for Children with Disabilities

Canucks Autism Network physical literacy skills

The Pacific Institute for Sport Excellence’s Resource List

Canadian Sport for Life’s Inclusive Physical Literacy

Best practice links – physical literacy

Canadian Disability Participation Project’s Physical Activity, Active living and Sport Resource Catalogue

SCI Canada’s ‘Get Fit Toolkit’

SCI Action Canada Spinal Chord Injury Online Training Series

Curling Canada’s Wheelchair Curling Blog

Curl BC’s Wheelchair Curling Program 

Return to Topics 

Topic 14: Disability Awareness & Inclusion

Get Skilled Access – Inclusion Down Under (Facebook Page)

Mission Empower Disability Awareness (Quiz #1)

Mission Empower Disability Awareness (Quiz #2)

The Disability Resource Centre Empower Newfoundland

British Columbia Aboriginal Network on Disability Society BC Aboriginal Disability Network

City of Cornwall, Ontario’s Disability Awareness Myths & Facts

Return to Topics 

Topic 15: Federal Level Law

The Star: MP to Draft Canada’s First National Accessibility Law (Article)

CBC: ‘Canada’s New Accessibility Law will Make History’ (Article)

Government of Canada’s Key Messages for Federal Legislation

Return to Topics 

Topic 16: Healthy Lifestyles for People with Disabilities

OneAbility’s Inclusive Fitness Handbook

Carleton University’s Apps for Healthy Physical and Mental Health

Cerebral Palsy Foundation’s Adaptive Fitness App

Rick Hansen Foundation: Mental Health and Mindfulness for People with Disabilities (Article)

Prescription to Get Active (Alberta) (Case Study)

Healthy Families BC Prescription for Health (Ressources)

Canadian Sport for Life  Resources

Canadian Sport for Life’s Inclusive Physical Literacy Workshops (Workshop Booking Form)

Return to Topics 

Topic 17: Invisible Disabilities

‘Disability is Not Always Visible, your Response is Always Visible’ (Video)

Ways to help Dyslexic Children Thrive (Article)

’10 Ways to Avoid Every Day Ableism‘ (Article)

How to be an Ally to People with Invisible Disabilities (Article)

Return to Topics 

Topic 18: Coaching Athletes with a Disability – Long Term Athlete Development

Coaching Association of Canada’s  Coaching Athletes with a Disability

Canadian Sport for Life’s No Accidental Champions

Return to Topics 

Topic 19: Best Practices

Inclusive Physical Literacy Webinar

Disability Empowerment – Women Dealing with Being ‘Other’ (Blog)

CanAssist’s Creating Inclusion by Including

Freeney Wilson’s Best Practice in Communication; A Guide to Welcoming Disabled Customers

Sustaining Communities’ Strengths Based Perspective

Empowering Presenters’ Non Verbal Communication Tips

Non-Verbal Communication Infographic: ‘When the Words Contradict the Body‘ (Infographic)

How to Ensure Accessibility for Every Online Audience (Blog Post)

Return to Topics 

Topic 20: Existing Opportunities for People with Disabilities in Sports & Recreation

Vikes Recreation’s Inclusive Programming (Program List)

Leisure Access Victoria App (Coming Fall 2017)

OneAbility’s list of Local Activities, Sports & Programs (Program List)

The Pacific Institute for Sports Excellence (PISE)’s Adapted programs (Program List)

The Victoria Wheelchair Sports Club’s  Programs (Program List)

Canadian Paralympic Committee’s Find Your Sport (Online Resource)

Power to Be (Organization)

Return to Topics 

Photo of Inclusion written on a Cork Board

Topic 21: Specific Disabilities

Amazing Autism Project (Video)

Understanding Autism (Video)

The Mighty: App for Communicating with People with Developmental Disabilities (Article, App)

Cerebral Palsy Foundation Cerebral Palsy Fact Sheets (Article, Video)

The Active Living Alliance for Canadians with a Disability: Disability Tip Sheets

Return to Topics 

Topic 22: Reverse Integration

Sidney Crosby Does Sledge Hockey (Video)

The Inclusion Club What is Reverse Integration? (Article, Podcast)

Linconshire Wheelchair Sports Reverse Integration Evaluation Report (Case Study)

Curling Canada Adaptive & Inclusive Curling (Article)

Return to Topics 

Topic 23: Comic Relief & Misc.

Kill All Puppies (Video)

Crippen Cartoons (Cartoons)

Return to Topics 

If you encounter a broken link, please let us know at Thank you!